Types of malocclusion


The malocclusion of the occlusion is the abnormal way of closing the teeth. The need for treatment also occurs when it is found that there are retained or unguided teeth, hypodontia or hyperdonation - reduced or increased number of teeth, diastema or gaps between teeth or, conversely, crowding, i.e. teeth too tight and unevenly positioned in the arch.

The most common disadvantage is the incorrect contact between the upper and lower teeth. The orthodontist, when performing the examination, assesses the method of closing the dental arches in relation to three planes.

And so, abnormal tooth contact in relation to the horizontal plane may be manifested in the form of a deep or open bite, in relation to the frontal plane (parallel to the forehead) - undershot or overshot bite, and in relation to the sagittal plane (perpendicular to the forehead) with cross-bite, overhang or lateral displacement of the jaw.

These irregularities vary in severity and may coexist. Often associated with the disorder are morphological defects of the lower face, and thus excessive or insufficient growth of the bones of the jaw.

A disturbing symptom is also that the tooth or teeth are not dented in a timely manner. Then determine the cause and start treatment immediately.


see also: How to treat malocclusion How to prevent malocclusions Planning the orthodontics treatment Methods of malocclusion treatment Removable braces