Treatment of masticatory apparatus disorders

Masticatory apparatus disorders

Masticatory apparatus disorders

Symptoms of masticatory dysfunction include headaches, joint and muscle pains of which there is difficult to determine the real cause. It is helpful then to examine the subject, and thus determine whether the patient wakes up with a feeling of tension and fatigue of chewing muscles and whether we are dealing with parfunctions or grinding or clenching of teeth or excessive chewing of gum. A common symptom of disorders is pathological tooth wear or a deepened bite resulting from missing teeth. Physical examination also reveals crackling or jumping in the joints when opening or deviating the jaw.

First of all, it is necessary to diagnose the causes of the ailments and mobilize the patient to eliminate harmful habits and comprehensive treatment of teeth.

Temporomandibular joint analysis is very important, it is possible thanks to radiological examinations and short-circuit analysis using a face arch and articulator.

Special relaxation splints, made individually based on an impression taken at the dentist office, can help in loosening muscles and eliminating abrasion of the chewing surface of teeth. Established at night, they relax muscles effectively and "unlearn" the harmful grinding habit.

When we achieve the desired effect in the form of muscle relaxation, we proceed to correct solution, i.e. establishing the relation between the dental arches in such a way as to obtain the optimal position of the heads and articular discs and a balanced tension of the masticatory muscles.

Most oftenly, it is necessary to increase the occlusion, i.e. correction of composite fillings, prosthetic treatment - making outlays or prosthetic crowns or prostheses reproducing larger deficiencies. An excellent way is to fill in the gaps by implanting dental implants.

see also: Masticatory apparatus disorders - symptoms Causes of masticatory apparatus disorders